Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring.
These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test which measure the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.
The higher the number the harder the wood. Although this is one of the best methods to measure the ability of wood species to withstand indentations, it should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring.
The construction and finish also play an important role in the durability and ease of maintenance of any wood floor.
Unlike hardwood, bamboo is not a product of trees it is a fast growing grass.
Bamboo can be an attractive alternative to hardwood because it is eco-friendly, is dimensionally stable, 27% harder than Northern Red Oak, 13% harder than hard Maple, can either be nailed-down, glued-down or floated and it is resistant to flammability.
Understanding the hardwood family should help you decide if this is a flooring answer for you and your home. At the very least, we hope this section has increased your knowledge of hardwood, one of the most beautiful, inviting and enduring flooring options around.